Stress fractures are among the top 10 injuries sustained by runners, with women more likely to suffer a stress fracture than men. The tibia bone is the most common area for stress fractures in female runners.
Whilst biomechanics and training load can play a significant role in the development of a stress fracture, dietary factors such as low intake of key nutrients and/or insufficient calorie intake can significantly increase your risk of a stress fracture.
The female athlete triad is a combination of factors that can lead to reduced bone mass which increases the risk of stress fractures. The sequence of events usually begins with low energy availability and under nutrition due to mismatch of nutrition intake and exercise expenditure.
A prolonged period of calorie deficit results in the athlete becoming underweight which can then lead to menstrual disturbances. This in turn leads to estrogen deficiency, and the dysfunction of other hormones required for bone health resulting in impaired...
As an endurance athletes you need to pay a lot more attention to your diet than the average person, due to the demands you are making on your body which increases your need for a wide range of nutrients.
To optimise your performance, recovery and general health, I strongly recommend that you eat a wide range of whole foods and limit your intake of processed and packaged foods. The following foods are nutritional powerhouses that should be included in all athletes diets.
Eggs provide a complete protein as they contain the essential amino acids that our bodies cannot produce themselves. They are the building blocks of muscular growth. Whilst egg yolks have a high concentration of omega-3 fats. Omega-3s are thought to play an important role in reducing inflammation throughout the body. Free range and/or organic eggs are have the highest concentration of nutrients due to their diet and foraging. Happy chickens lay superior eggs.